Study of thermal decomposition of (K0.5Na0.5)NbO3 thin-films precursors with different amounts of alkali-acetate excess

A. Kupec, O.C. Mocioiu, J. Cilenšek, M. Zaharescu, B. Malič

Acta chimica slovenica 61/3 (2014) 548-554


Liquid precursors of (K(0.5)Na(0.5))NbO(3) thin-films were prepared from alkali acetates and niobium ethoxide in 2-methoxyethanol solvent either in a stoichiometric ratio or with 5 or 10 mole % of potassium or sodium acetate excess. Fourier-transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy of the dried precursors confirmed the presence of acetate and hydroxyl groups. Thermal decompositions of the as-dried precursors in air occurred gradually. Between room temperature and ~200 °C, the weight loss of a few per cent was due to the evaporation of residual solvents. The major mass loss was due to thermal oxidation of organic group with the major exothermic events at about 250 °C and 450 °C, almost 200 °C below the onset of the chemical decomposition of alkali acetates, indicating that a heterometallic complex was formed in solution, in agreement with FTIR analysis. Both the amount and to a lesser extent the choice of alkali-acetate excess influenced the thermal decomposition of the organic groups predominantly in the temperature interval between ~200 °C and ~400 °C.


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