Following measurements can be performed:

  • Friction of different materials, different pressures (p, v, F, f), different atmospheres (air, different gases, ..) and environmental conditions (lubricated, non-lubricated).
  • A comprehensive selection of contact conditions, movements, environment and expert opinions for the efficient simulation.
  • Wear of materials in a variety of contact conditions at the macro-and nano-scale.
  • Roughness (2D and 3D).
  • Topography of the area, more detailed statistical and parametric analysis of surface topography.
  • Viscosity of oils at different temperatures.
  • TAN, TBN, water content.
  • Analysis of the wear particles in oils and fats.
  • Hardness, micro-hardness.
  • Residual stresses and their orientation in the subsurface layers.
  • Contact angle, wetting, surface energy, surface tension.
  • Maximum thickness of lubricating films.
  • Scanning electronic microscopy (SEM).
  • Qualitative chemical analysis of surfaces (EDS, EDX method).
  • Infrared spectroscopy with microscopy and surface analysis using ATR crystal (FTIR + microscope + ATR).
  • Microscopy using atomic force microscope (AFM) with different options: (topography, adhesion, friction, nano-, nano-wear, nano-hardness, elastic modulus, nano-electrical properties, ..).